A Bear Skull

A Bear Skull

While preparing for a full day of filming, The Brain Scoop team was paid a surprise visit by a university groundskeeper who had discovered a black bear skull in the woods. It is so old!
– Yeah, that’s what I was saying: it was the oldest one he’d seen. And look at the molars, too. – Yeah. Holy cow.
– So yeah, well into his twenties. – These P2 normally, I mean, they have a double cusp on there and it’s almost worn all the way down to the root. This…It smells really bad. Well, it smells kinda bad.
– Kinda bad. – Yeah, this is nice. This is crazy. This – this is is a huge pathology.
– Yeah. – Look at that huge dental abscess!
– That— so, that decayed away like that? That’s the bone decaying away? Or did that just get worn off when he was dead? – Well, it kind of looks like…okay.
– Looks like some of the areas of the bone look like it was just sticking out, like right here. – Compared to the other side, you have this—this is all swollen here—where this root takes up about so much space, you can see where this is expanded and there’s all of this additional swelling and growth on there.
– Okay. – And then you can tell it’s an old injury because he lost the tooth—this is worn over—and there is actually wear… – So, he lost that tooth when he was alive?
– Yeah, oh yeah. – That’s friggin’ cool.
– Yeah, no, this is awesome.
– Good. – So yeah, this is definitely an old injury. This is crazy, is that a broken tooth or is that like actually embedded into the front of his mouth? – I have no idea.
– I think that probably just probably broke out. – Well, there’s a broken thing there, yeah. Maybe.
– That is crazy. Are you getting this on camera?
– Uh-huh. – But look at it, can you see that— how worn that tooth is right there? – You can take it out, though it’d probably stink a little bit. – Yeah, I don’t wanna test it right now.
– I had him in the… freezer for the last few days. – This looks great. Oh and this is all crazy, too: it has all this bone loss and swelling and that… I would estimate that this guy is really old. I mean, I don’t know how to age definitively. – Yeah, that’s— I was talking to the game warden; he sent it to his bear guy and he said that one way you can tell is cutting a tooth, and he said late twenties. He said well into his twenties.
– Oh yeah. I’d believe it. ‘Cause these are so worn, the cusps are totally gone on them.
– That’s cool that you can tell all that was while he was still alive, that that didn’t happen after he died. – Oh, no way. I mean there’s all this wear on this, too. It means that he was still eating on this tooth when—after it was damaged. – This is how bears get angry.
– That’s why I thought he was a grizzly, I mean, his body was big—I mean, his skeleton was big. Do you have a grizzly skull so I can compare it?
– Yeah, we do. They’re on that side of the museum, but… This guy’s crazy.
– Do I need to wash him off before the beetles? – You know, I don’t even think that you need to put it in the beetles.
– I don’t? – ‘Cause there’s… No.
– But there were a couple chunks, there was a little bit on his jaw and there’s… – They’ll come off if you soak it overnight in hydrogen peroxide— in a three percent solution— and we can do that in the lab, too. – All of the tissue, it’ll become loose once it’s rehydrated and we will be able to pull it right off.
– ‘Cause yeah, there’s a little bit down there. – Thank you, Hank!
– This is a big one.
– Holy crap! – Yeah, it is a huge one, that is a grizzly bear skull.
– See, now, that’s what I was wondering about. So the sagittal crest, I saw a picture out there… Yeah, way bigger on a grizzly. – And then this is how you can definitively tell if it’s a grizzly or a black bear: obviously this guy’s a lot smaller, but this last molar is going to be at least 31 centimeters (*millimeters). – Is this a Montana grizzly?
– Yeah. This was collected by John and Frank Craighead. – The Craighead brothers?
– The Craighead brothers, yeah. In Yellowstone Park in the 1960s. – I guess there was that—those two that died that were 700 pounds or more.
– Yeah. I mean, these guys are huge, too. So this is one whole tooth. And it’s absolutely massive. – And this guy… doesn’t really have any of those left.
– No. And his are pro- I mean…
– Yeah, his are worn, his are missing. – They’re probably half that size.
– God, that’s a… big freakin’ animal.
– This guy is massive. He’s, this one’s really old, too. – How big do they think that bear was?
– I wouldn’t know, um…big. Large sized bear size. But yeah, that’s awesome!
– Fo’ shizzle!
– That was awesome! This is gonna be on YouTube, by the way. It still has brains on it.

100 thoughts on “A Bear Skull

  1. I love how upbeat your music is. My brother has a similar job to Emily only he doesn't do any tours and its for the University of Florida.

  2. "How big do you think it was?" "Ummmmmm I dunno… Big? Large sized bear sized?"

    Thank you Emily, for your enlightenment on the subject 😀

  3. There are monstrous beasts out there that are grumpy because they have tooth aches. This feels like a preface for a crazy bear fiction. Man that place is full of stories

  4. physics better than biology. Considering I have never found the the animal kingdom that interesting and espically when there dead all that interesting there is enough jokes in it to make me want to watch. ITS A COMPLEMENT or it was at least supposed to be.

    I'm trying to say your a good presenter.

  5. I was about to excitedly post a little wittily observant comment about bear guys, and having a bear guy, and like, something like "You know you're working at a zoological museum in Montana when all your friends have bear guys", but then both the top comments are about bear guys. I thought I was original! Turns out, other people are also original.

  6. I love watching Emily talk about this grizzly head. You can tell how excited and passionate she is about what she does and that's just fantastic!

  7. It is a game warden. Would expect they have specialist in the animals they look after. Its not like he was a hair stylist with a bear guy.

  8. Did anyone else notice when she was talking about how he kept eating after he damaged the tooth, she said "Maybe thats why bears are so angry" xD

  9. Why does it seem like Emily's more knowledgeable than the curator (at least I think that's him)? Then again, being a curator of a zoological museum doen't necessarily mean being an actual zoologist…

  10. I've been missing out on my bear guy all this time?! I need to get hooked up and fast. *Calls Wildlife Relocation and Management Services*

  11. I'm glad you're being so proactive. You never know when you're going to have a bear-related incident.

  12. Hank is an old English heroic epic poem consisting of 3182 alliterative long lines, set in Scandinavia, commonly cited as one of the most important works of Anglo-Saxon literature.

  13. What I really love about this show is that you can tell that Emily really knows what she's talking about and really loves this. This is an impromptu video and she comes out with all of this biological knowledge and it's just brilliant!

  14. Maybe not a job you could do 'there', but you could learn to analyze faunal (or human) remains from archaeological sites. Lots of time for all the nasty soft tissue to disappear.

  15. I love this!! Totally unscripted, we can see just how passionate and knowledgeable you are about animals and specimen preparation. Your brain really shows when you do this, and that's awesome. Not that I don't enjoy your usual scripted videos, but this is just a different taste.

    It's so cool.

    I'd say that you should do more videos like this, but I get that it's rare to happen to have a camera out when you come across unexpected situations like this.

  16. Found this channel 3 days ago and I've been binge watching ever since. Definitely my favorite channel now and this type of videos are the best

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